Lebanon is the most religiously diverse country in the Middle East. As of 2014: Muslim 54%, Christian 40.5%, Druze 5.6%, very small numbers of Jews, Baha’is, Buddhists, Hindus and Mormons.
I was excited to learn about about this Mediterranean oasis when I found out this upcoming weekend there will be a performance from Im Hussein & AJYAL Theatrical Group in our town.
The entire performance will be in Lebanese Arabic. It’s a dialect that I’m familiar with since I have local Lebanese friends, however I thought I better brush up on my Lebanese culture this week. The girls and I decided to look up information on the Lebanese flag and see what it means.
According to Wikipedia:
Presence and position of the Cedar in the middle of the flag is directly inspired by the mountains of Lebanon cedar (Cedrus libani). The Cedar is a symbol of holiness, eternity and peace. As an emblem of longevity, the cedar of Lebanon has its origin in many biblical references [and is] mentioned seventy-seven times in the Bible, especially in the book Psalms chapter 92 verse 12 where it says that “The righteous shall flourish like the palm tree, He shall grow like a cedar in Lebanon” and Chapter 104, verse 16, where it is stated: “[t]he trees of the Lord are well watered, the cedars of Lebanon that he planted”.
The white color on the flag represents the snow as a symbol of purity and peace.
The two red stripes refer to the Lebanese blood shed to preserve the country against the successive invaders.
We came up with this candle craft to celebrate the flag. As with all our candle crafts, never leave these unattended around children.
Red food coloring
Xacto / cutting mat
Lebanese cedar tree printout
Green tissue paper
Mod Podge / sponge brush – not in photo
(*we used brown rice for the red stripes and white rice for the middle)
Place a few drops of rubbing alcohol and food coloring with a few cups of rice into a Ziploc bag.
Seal the bag and mix everything. Once the rice is red, lay it out on the wax paper and leave to dry overnight. It sticks, so you might want to think about putting it on a tray in the garage, like we did.
While your rice is drying, use the xacto to cut out the cedar tree center out of tissue paper.
Use Mod Podge to add it to the mason jar. Don’t worry about the color white now, it will dry clear.
Once the jar and rice are both dry, add one layer of red rice.
Next add a layer of white.
Top it off with a layer of red and the tea light candle. Your Lebanese Flag Candle is done and ready to light. Please never leave candle unattended.
If you enjoyed making this Lebanese craft and would like to do another, check out our